Josh and Joel expose the problem of trying to incarcerate our way out of violent crime and violent criminals.
Notes From Episode 2
The Cost of Incarcerating Our Way Our Of Violent Crime
Costs from over-punishment of violent crime are high.
Much of the research we discuss came from this Justice Policy institute paper:
Incarceration increases cost, learn more from this 2015 study from Michael Mueller-Smith.
Prison doesn’t reduce recidivism, learn more from this 2011 study titled (appropriately):
How We Fail With Violent Crime and Violent Criminals
Violent crimes have low recidivism rates.
Learn more from this paper from Michigan.
Our claim that “violence is a moment of time not a sign of inherent criminality” comes from the Justice Policy Institute paper cited above and from the work of John Pfaff.
Read more about violence in Mr. Pfaff’s book “Locked In” available from Amazon.com.
Mr. Pfaff also provided the research behind the “aging out of violence” argument made during the podcast.
Our Response to Violent Crime is Racially Problematic
There are racial disparities in how we incarcerate violence.
You Can’t Deter Violent Crime With Punishment
The arguments I made about deterrence are summarized in this overview on the overall deterrent effects of incarceration.
You can also read this very comprehensive meta-analysis that suggests limited deterrence from incarceration.
Find the major studies describing sex offender recidivism in this Amicus brief from the 6th Circuit Doe’s v. Snyder decision.
Shame is a Trigger for Recidivism and Violent Crime
Restorative Justice As a Solution
Here is a quick link to information on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (there are hundreds of studies available on this subject).
The groundbreaking Vera Institute paper by Danielle Sered about Restorative Justice is a great starting point. You could also read: The Little Book of Restorative Justice, by Howard Zehr, Good Books, Intercourse, PA, 2002.
If you want to learn more on this topic, read this article by John Pfaff and this book. In addition, here is a study of the deterrent effects of hot-spot and other “in the moment” styles of policing. Finally, while this is correlative, releasing more prisoners does not seem to be having a massive cost in increasing crime.
Okay, that’s it. Hopefully, I will have Episode 3 up soon. Enjoy!
Decarceration Nation is a podcast about radically re-imagining America’s criminal justice system. Subscribe and leave a rating or review from iTunes. We will answer all honest questions or comments you leave. Support Decarceration Nation from Patreon.